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Découvrez les 15 incontournables de Salzbourg à ne pas manquer

Last update : 18/05/2024 15:54

Salzburg, the picturesque city nestled in the Austrian Alps, is an enchanting destination for travelers seeking culture, music, and history. Here's an overview of Salzburg's unique charm:

1. Musical Heritage: Salzburg is the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, one of the greatest composers of all time. Visitors can explore his birthplace, as well as other sites related to his life and work. Attending a classical music concert in one of the city's concert halls is an unforgettable experience.

2. Baroque Architecture: Salzburg's cobbled streets are lined with magnificent baroque buildings, showcasing its rich history. The historic center of the city, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is filled with architectural gems such as Salzburg Cathedral, Mirabell Palace, and Hohensalzburg Fortress.

3. Scenic Landscapes: Surrounded by the Alps, Salzburg offers breathtaking landscapes at every turn. Whether strolling along the Salzach River, hiking in the surrounding hills, or visiting nearby alpine lakes, nature lovers will find plenty to explore in this region.

4. Vibrant Culture: Beyond classical music, Salzburg boasts a dynamic cultural scene with art festivals, exhibitions, and events throughout the year. The city's Christmas markets are particularly famous and attract visitors from around the world.

5. Austrian Cuisine: Food enthusiasts will not be disappointed by traditional Austrian cuisine. Delicious local specialties such as schnitzel, knödel, and strudels are served in Salzburg's restaurants and cafes, providing an authentic culinary experience.

Whether you're passionate about music, history, nature, or gastronomy, Salzburg offers an unforgettable travel experience in a picturesque and culturally rich setting.

1 - The old town (Altstadt)

The old town (Altstadt)

The old town of Salzburg, Austria, is an architectural and cultural marvel. Situated on the banks of the Salzach River, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996. This old town is renowned for its well-preserved historic center, narrow winding streets, and magnificent Baroque buildings.

Among the most iconic sights in Salzburg's old town are Hohensalzburg Fortress, perched on a hill and offering panoramic views of the city, Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom), an impressive example of Baroque architecture, and the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the famous composer.

Strolling through the cobblestone streets of Salzburg's old town, exploring its charming squares, and visiting its many cafes and shops is truly an enchanting experience. Additionally, the city is also known for its classical music festival, the Salzburg Festival, which takes place every summer and attracts artists and music lovers from around the world.

2 - Hohensalzburg Castle

Hohensalzburg Castle

The Hohensalzburg Castle is one of the best-preserved medieval castles in Europe. It overlooks the city of Salzburg, Austria, from a majestic hill, offering breathtaking views of the city and the surrounding mountains. Built in the 11th century, it was expanded and fortified over the centuries, becoming an imposing fortress and a symbol of the power of the prince-archbishops of Salzburg.

One of the most impressive features of the castle is the Festungsgasse, a cobbled street inside the castle walls, which takes you back in time with its restored medieval houses. Visitors can explore the various rooms of the castle, including the princely apartments, the chapel, and the armory. The tour also provides insight into the history and daily life inside the castle over the centuries.

The Hohensalzburg Castle is now one of Salzburg's most popular tourist attractions, attracting thousands of visitors every year. In addition to its fascinating history, it also offers exhibitions and cultural events throughout the year, making it a must-see for anyone visiting the region.

3 - Mozart's birthplace

Mozart's birthplace

Mozart's birthplace is located in Salzburg, Austria. It is where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756. This house, situated at 9 Getreidegasse, is now a museum dedicated to his life and work. Visitors can explore personal belongings, letters, musical instruments, and learn more about the life and legacy of the renowned composer. It is an iconic destination for classical music enthusiasts and history buffs alike.

4 - Salzburg Cathedral (Dom zu Salzburg)

Salzburg Cathedral (Dom zu Salzburg)

The Salzburg Cathedral, also known as the Dom zu Salzburg in German, is a stunning baroque cathedral located in the heart of Salzburg, Austria. Dedicated to Saint Rupert and Saint Vergilius, it stands as one of the city's most significant landmarks. Construction of the cathedral began in 1614 and was completed in 1628, although it underwent various renovations and additions over the centuries.

The cathedral's imposing facade, with its majestic twin towers, is a notable feature of Salzburg's skyline. Inside, visitors are greeted with opulent Baroque architecture, elaborate frescoes, and impressive artworks. The cathedral also houses the magnificent Resurrection Organ, built by Johann Kaufmann in 1774.

Throughout its history, the Salzburg Cathedral has been a place of worship, music, and cultural significance. It continues to attract tourists and pilgrims from around the world who come to admire its beauty and explore its rich history.

5 - Mirabell Palace and its gardens

Mirabell Palace and its gardens

The Mirabell Palace and its gardens are one of the architectural and landscaping gems of Salzburg, Austria. The palace was built in the early 17th century by the Italian architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach for Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau. It was originally called Altenau Palace.

The palace is especially famous for its magnificent baroque gardens, designed with geometric terraced layouts adorned with fountains, statues, and flower beds. The gardens offer panoramic views of Salzburg's Old Town, including the Hohensalzburg Fortress.

Mirabell Palace is also known for its Marble Hall, a concert hall where many concerts and events are held throughout the year.

Mirabell Gardens are open to the public and are a popular destination for strolling, relaxation, and admiring the landscaping and artistry. They have also been immortalized in the famous dance scene from the movie "The Sound of Music".

6 - Salzburg Festival House (Festspielhaus)

Salzburg Festival House (Festspielhaus)

The Festspielhaus, or Festival Hall, in Salzburg is one of Europe's most iconic and prestigious concert halls. Located in the Austrian city of Salzburg, it is famous for hosting the Salzburg Festival every summer, a world-renowned event dedicated to classical music and performing arts.

Designed by architect Clemens Holzmeister, the Festspielhaus opened its doors in 1960. It is situated on the bank of the Salzach River, offering stunning views of Salzburg's UNESCO World Heritage-listed Old Town.

The concert hall itself is renowned for its exceptional acoustics and elegant architecture. It can accommodate up to 2,179 spectators and offers a diverse program throughout the year, in addition to the Salzburg Festival.

In addition to classical music concerts, the Festspielhaus also hosts operas, ballets, plays, and other cultural events. It is a must-visit destination for performing arts enthusiasts and a cornerstone of the European cultural scene.

7 - Mönchsberg hill

Mönchsberg hill

The Mönchsberg Hill is a prominent feature in the picturesque city of Salzburg, Austria. It rises steeply on the right bank of the Salzach River, offering breathtaking views of the city and its surrounding countryside. The name "Mönchsberg" translates to "Monk's Mountain" in English.

This hill is not only a natural landmark but also holds cultural and historical significance. It is home to several attractions, including the Museum der Moderne Salzburg (Salzburg Museum of Modern Art), which showcases contemporary art exhibitions, and the Hohensalzburg Fortress, one of the largest and best-preserved medieval castles in Europe.

Visitors can explore the Mönchsberg Hill by walking along its well-maintained trails, which wind through lush greenery and offer panoramic vistas of Salzburg's skyline, the Salzach River, and the distant Alps. It's a popular destination for both locals and tourists seeking tranquility, nature, and cultural experiences within the heart of Salzburg.

8 - The Salzburg Residence (Residenz)

The Salzburg Residence (Residenz)

The Salzburg Residence, or Residenz in German, is one of the most important historical sites in the Austrian city of Salzburg. It's a magnificent palace that served as the official residence of the prince-archbishops of Salzburg for centuries.

Construction of the Residenz began in the early 17th century and spanned several decades, resulting in an impressive architectural complex. The style of the Residenz is primarily Baroque, with Rococo and Neoclassical influences added over time.

The Residenz houses numerous beautifully decorated rooms, such as the Grand Hall, the Imperial Hall, the Marble Hall, and the Archbishop's Chamber, all showcasing the wealth and power of Salzburg's former rulers. Visitors can also explore the splendid Baroque gardens surrounding the residence, providing an oasis of tranquility in the heart of the city.

Today, the Residenz is open to the public as a museum, allowing visitors to admire its grand architecture, sumptuous interiors, and collections of art and historical objects. It's a must-visit for those interested in the history, architecture, and culture of Salzburg.

9 - The Salzburg Nature House (Haus der Natur)

The Salzburg Nature House (Haus der Natur)

The Haus der Natur, or House of Nature, in Salzburg is a fascinating science museum that offers interactive exhibitions on various topics related to nature, technology, and the environment. Located in the heart of Salzburg, it provides educational and entertaining experiences for visitors of all ages.

The museum features a wide range of exhibits covering subjects such as biology, geology, astronomy, and technology. Visitors can explore displays on topics like dinosaurs, space exploration, the human body, and environmental conservation. Many of the exhibits are interactive, allowing visitors to engage directly with the material and learn through hands-on experiences.

In addition to its permanent exhibitions, the Haus der Natur also hosts special temporary exhibits and educational programs throughout the year. These may include workshops, lectures, and demonstrations aimed at furthering understanding of the natural world and scientific principles.

Overall, the Haus der Natur is a fantastic destination for families, students, and anyone with an interest in science and nature. It provides an engaging and informative experience that encourages curiosity and exploration.

10 - Hike to Lake Almsee

Hike to Lake Almsee

Hiking to Lake Almsee in Austria is a great idea! Located in the Salzkammergut region, Lake Almsee offers stunning natural landscapes. Before you head out, make sure to check the weather conditions and pack appropriate clothing and gear, especially if you plan on hiking in the surrounding mountains.

The trail to Lake Almsee is generally well-marked, but it's always wise to have a map or GPS with you for navigation. Along the way, you'll traverse picturesque forests, lush green meadows, and perhaps even charming little villages.

Once you arrive at Lake Almsee, take some time to soak in the peaceful beauty of the surroundings. You might consider pausing for a picnic by the lake or simply relaxing and enjoying the magnificent view.

Remember to respect nature and leave the environment as you found it, taking all your trash with you. And most importantly, fully immerse yourself in this outdoor experience!

11 - Visit the Hallein salt mines

Visit the Hallein salt mines

The Hallein Salt Mines, located near the town of Hallein in Austria, are among the oldest salt mines in continuous operation in the world. Salt mining in this region dates back to Celtic times, but the first archaeological evidence of mining dates from the Roman period.

These mines have been of considerable economic importance to the region for centuries, providing salt that was essential for food preservation and other industrial and commercial uses. Today, the Hallein Salt Mines are a popular tourist attraction where visitors can take guided tours through the underground tunnels, learn about the history of salt extraction, and discover the methods used by miners in the past. Visitors can also see exhibitions on the geology and natural history of the area. The Hallein Salt Mines offer an educational and entertaining experience for visitors of all ages.

12 - Discover traditional cafes. from Salzburg

Discover traditional cafes. from Salzburg

Exploring the traditional cafes of Salzburg is a must-do experience if you're visiting this charming Austrian city. Here are some of the most iconic cafes in Salzburg:

  1. Café Tomaselli: Established in 1705, it's one of the oldest cafes in Austria. Located on the famous Alter Markt square, it offers an elegant and traditional atmosphere. Try their famous Viennese coffee accompanied by Austrian pastries.

  2. Café Bazar: With its stunning view of the Salzach River and Hohensalzburg Fortress, Café Bazar is a perfect spot to relax and enjoy a hot beverage. It's also a historic venue where many artists and writers once found inspiration.

  3. Café Würfel Zucker: Situated in the historic Getreidegasse district, this quaint café is decorated in traditional Austrian style. You can indulge in a wide variety of coffees and pastries while soaking in the warm and welcoming ambiance.

  4. Café Konditorei Fürst: If you're a chocolate lover, don't miss visiting this café renowned for inventing the famous "Mozartkugeln" (Mozart balls), chocolates filled with marzipan. It's the perfect place to enjoy this local specialty alongside a great cup of coffee.

  5. Café Wernbacher: Located in the Mülln district, this family-run café offers a friendly and laid-back atmosphere. You can enjoy excellent coffees, teas, and pastries while immersing yourself in the authenticity of Salzburg.

Whether you're seeking historic ambiance, picturesque views, or simply great Austrian coffee, Salzburg's traditional cafes have plenty to offer to visitors in search of authenticity and culinary delights.

13 - The Salzburg Christmas market

The Salzburg Christmas market

The Salzburg Christmas Market is one of the most famous and picturesque in Europe. Located in the heart of the old town, it offers a magical atmosphere with its decorated stalls, twinkling lights, and delightful scents of mulled wine, Christmas cookies, and spices. Visitors can stroll through the aisles lined with wooden chalets, discover local craftsmanship, purchase unique gifts, and indulge in Austrian culinary specialties.

The tradition of Christmas markets dates back centuries in this region, and Salzburg continues this tradition with splendor. Traditional music concerts echo through the streets, adding an extra touch of charm to the festive atmosphere.

Among the highlights of the Salzburg Christmas Market are handmade Christmas decorations, carved wooden figurines, scented candles, and traditional toys. Food enthusiasts can delight in local specialties such as bredele (small Christmas cookies), Lebkuchen (gingerbread), and grilled sausages.

To top it all off, the city of Salzburg itself provides a fairy-tale backdrop with its cobblestone streets, historic buildings, and festive ambiance. The Salzburg Christmas Market is therefore an unforgettable experience for anyone looking to experience the magic of Christmas in an authentic and warm atmosphere.

14 - Lake Wolfgangsee

Lake Wolfgangsee

Visiting Lake Wolfgangsee from Salzburg is a fantastic idea for a day trip or a short excursion. Lake Wolfgangsee, located just a short distance from Salzburg, is known for its stunning natural beauty, crystal-clear waters, and charming lakeside villages.

To get to Lake Wolfgangsee from Salzburg, you can take a train or a bus, both of which offer convenient and scenic routes. The journey typically takes around 45 minutes to an hour, depending on the mode of transportation and the specific destination around the lake you're aiming for.

Once you arrive at Lake Wolfgangsee, there are several activities and attractions to enjoy:

  1. Boat Tours: Take a boat tour on the lake to admire the breathtaking scenery and learn about the history and culture of the region. Some boat tours even include stops at picturesque villages like St. Wolfgang, St. Gilgen, and Strobl.

  2. Hiking: Explore the hiking trails around the lake, offering varying degrees of difficulty and stunning views of the surrounding mountains and forests. One popular hike is the "Schafbergbahn," a historic cogwheel railway that takes you to the summit of Mount Schafberg for panoramic views.

  3. Water Sports: If you visit during the warmer months, you can partake in water sports such as swimming, kayaking, paddleboarding, and sailing.

  4. Village Exploration: Wander around the charming lakeside villages like St. Wolfgang, famous for its pilgrimage church and historic buildings; St. Gilgen, birthplace of Mozart's mother; and Strobl, known for its scenic beauty and outdoor activities.

  5. Cultural Attractions: Visit cultural attractions such as the Michael Pacher-Haus in St. Wolfgang, dedicated to the renowned Austrian painter and sculptor, or the Mozarthaus in St. Gilgen, which commemorates the early life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Whether you're seeking outdoor adventure, cultural experiences, or simply relaxation amidst stunning natural surroundings, a visit to Lake Wolfgangsee from Salzburg promises to be a memorable and rewarding experience.

15 - Visit the mountains of the Salzkammergut region

Visit the mountains of the Salzkammergut region

Visiting the mountains of the Salzkammergut region from Salzburg is a fantastic idea for nature and adventure enthusiasts. The Salzkammergut is renowned for its spectacular alpine landscapes, crystal-clear lakes, and picturesque villages. Here are some suggestions for exploring this beautiful region from Salzburg:

  1. Scenic Lakeside Drive (Salzkammergut Straße): This route offers breathtaking views of some of the region's most famous lakes, such as Wolfgangsee, Mondsee, and Fuschlsee. You can rent a car or take a tourist bus to enjoy this scenic drive.

  2. Hiking in the Salzkammergut Alps: The Salzkammergut Alps offer countless hiking trails for all skill levels. Popular options include hiking up Schafberg for panoramic views of the surrounding lakes or ascending Dachstein, the highest mountain in the region.

  3. Excursion to Lake Hallstatt: The picturesque village of Hallstatt, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is nestled between the mountains and Lake Hallstättersee. You can take a train from Salzburg to Hallstatt and then explore the village, take a boat ride on the lake, or ride a funicular for stunning panoramic views.

  4. Bike Tour around the Lakes: Rent a bike and ride along the cycling paths that wind through the countryside and villages of the Salzkammergut. It's a great way to enjoy the picturesque scenery while getting some exercise.

  5. Visit to the Dachstein Ice Caves: The Dachstein Ice Caves are accessible from the town of Hallstatt. You can take a cable car to the top of Dachstein and explore these spectacular ice formations on a guided tour.

Whether it's hiking, biking, cultural discovery, or simply enjoying breathtaking landscapes, the mountains of the Salzkammergut region offer a plethora of activities for visitors seeking adventure and natural beauty.

Salzbourg - Where to Stay?

For an optimal experience while visiting Salzburg, I would recommend staying in the Altstadt (Old Town) district. Here's why:

  1. Proximity to Main Attractions: The Altstadt is the historic heart of Salzburg, where most of the main attractions such as Salzburg Cathedral, Hohensalzburg Fortress, Mozart's Birthplace, and Mozart Square are located. Staying in this district will provide you with easy walking access to these iconic sites.

  2. Charming Atmosphere: The Altstadt is characterized by its narrow streets, baroque buildings, and medieval ambiance, making it a delightful place to stroll and discover the city's history and culture. You can soak up the authentic atmosphere of Salzburg by staying in this district.

  3. Variety of Accommodation Options: The Altstadt offers a diverse range of accommodation options, from luxury hotels to more intimate guesthouses and vacation rentals. Whatever your budget or preferences, you'll likely find accommodation that suits your needs in this district.

  4. Ease of Access to Restaurants and Shops: The Altstadt is home to numerous restaurants, cafes, shops, and art galleries, making it an ideal place to experience Austrian cuisine, go shopping, and enjoy the bustling city atmosphere. You can easily explore the cobblestone streets and discover hidden gems around every corner.

In summary, staying in the Altstadt district will allow you to make the most of your visit to Salzburg by being in the heart of the action and close to the main attractions, restaurants, and shops.

Salzbourg - How to get around?

To get around Salzburg and explore its attractions, you have several transportation options depending on your preferences and itinerary. Here are some of the most popular options:

  1. Walking: Salzburg is a relatively compact city, and many of its main attractions are located within the historic center, making walking a convenient and enjoyable option. You can easily explore the cobblestone streets of the Old Town on foot, taking the time to admire the architecture and historical sites.

  2. Public Transportation: Salzburg has an efficient public transportation network, including buses and trams, that serve the entire city and its surroundings. You can purchase single tickets or day passes for convenient travel. Timetables and routes for public transportation are typically available online or at stations.

  3. Biking: Salzburg is a bike-friendly city with well-established bike lanes and bike rental services available. You can rent a bike and explore the city at your own pace, stopping to visit points of interest or simply enjoying the scenic views along the Salzach River.

  4. Taxis and Ride-Sharing Services: Taxis are readily available in Salzburg and can be useful for longer journeys or when you have bulky luggage. Additionally, ride-sharing services like Uber are also available in the city.

  5. Guided Bus or Walking Tours: If you prefer a more organized option, you can join guided bus or walking tours that will take you to the main attractions of Salzburg while providing historical and cultural information along the way.

Whichever transportation option you choose, Salzburg is a city that's easy to navigate and allows you to discover its cultural and historical treasures conveniently and comfortably.

Salzbourg - Best period

The best time to visit Salzburg depends on your preferences for weather, events, and crowds. Here's a breakdown of the different seasons:

  1. Spring (March to May): Spring in Salzburg brings milder temperatures and blooming flowers, making it a beautiful time to visit. The city begins to come alive with outdoor activities, and you can enjoy exploring the parks and gardens without the crowds of the peak tourist season.

  2. Summer (June to August): Summer is the peak tourist season in Salzburg, with warm temperatures and longer daylight hours. This is when the city is bustling with visitors, especially in July and August. It's a great time to experience outdoor festivals, concerts, and events, but be prepared for higher prices and larger crowds.

  3. Fall (September to November): Fall brings cooler temperatures and fewer tourists compared to the summer months. The city's parks and surrounding countryside are adorned with vibrant autumn colors, creating a picturesque backdrop for sightseeing. September is particularly pleasant, with mild weather and fewer crowds.

  4. Winter (December to February): Winter in Salzburg is magical, especially around Christmas when the city is adorned with festive decorations and hosts traditional Christmas markets. If you enjoy winter sports like skiing or snowboarding, nearby ski resorts offer excellent opportunities. Keep in mind that December and January can be cold, and daylight hours are shorter.

Ultimately, the best time to visit Salzburg depends on your interests and preferences. If you prefer mild weather and fewer crowds, consider visiting in the spring or fall. For those who enjoy outdoor festivals and events, summer is the ideal time. And if you want to experience the charm of a winter wonderland, plan a trip during the holiday season.

Last update : 18/05/2024 15:54

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